A recent article by Jean Shange from the University of Rwanda documents a successful collaboration between design students and local ‘artists’. The workshop sought to deal with the perceived lack of indigenous design ideas as reflected in the National Craft Industry Promotion Policy, drafted by the Ministry of Trade and Industry (MINNICOM).
In 2006, there were approximately 420 art/craft associations in Rwanda. The article reports that out of a total population of 8.2 million people, only about 100,000 had full-time jobs against 850,000 who had low salary part-time employment. The size of the population living below the poverty line was projected at 57 percent
Francois Kanimba, the Minister of Trade and Commerce, told the New Times Newspaper that, “African products are too similar to thrive in intra-regional markets. History has shown that African products are mostly designed to suit developed markets. African traders are reluctant to produce valuable goods that can be traded amongst ourselves and this has greatly tampered trade” (The New Times Newspaper, 2014: p.7).
The produced developed by the students included beaded lampshades, banana-fiber tablemats, pine wood footstools, palm leaves jewelry pieces and sisal grass mobile phone/tablet carrying bags pouches. The students named their products by combining two or more Kinyarwanda words, which describe the functional value of the product.
Shange, Jean. 2014. “Indigenous Artists and Design Students Team up to Create Innovative Handcraft Products, Rwanda.” Global Advanced Research Journal of Arts and Humanities 3 (1): 1–5.
Jean Shange adds this note about the issue of Intellectual Property: For these prototypes the students bought the materials and also purchased the products when they were finished. This was advice from the crafters that for sample design/products it is better for them to pay for everything. I am guessing this is how they work within cooperatives. They make agreement with client to not reproduce their design unless the client has failed to pay for the finished product.